The intention of Anglish is: English with many fewer words borrowed from different tongues. Because of the fundamental adjustments to our language, to say that English people at present speak Modern English is like saying that the French speak Latin. The very fact is that we now speak a world language. The Anglish project is meant as a means of recovering the Englishness of English and of restoring ownership of the language to the English people.
The goal of the Anglish project differs from person to person, however mostly it is to explore and experiment with the English language. This exploration is driven for some by aesthetics, for the ethnic English by cultural needs, and but for others it is solely an interesting diversion or pastime. Language plays a big position in our lives, so to be able to play with that language, and form it to our own needs or needs is very important. For this reason, writing or talking in true English is a positive finish in itself, in as a lot as it provides an other outlet for this need.
However there is also the additional idea that Anglish
is a recognition and a celebration of the English part of recent English. For, although it has borrowed thousands and thousands of words all through its life, there still exists a true English core to English, a very powerful on a regular basis words which no sentence or uttering might manage without. By stripping away the layers of borrowings, Anglish lets us better admire that core and the position it performs in our language.
One of the best way to find out where a word comes from is to look it up in a dictionary. Most respectable desktop dictionaries will include short etymologies for many of their entries, which give a little knowledge of the place the word arose from, and how it was used or written in the past. Some online dictionaries have this knowledge as well, such as the Oxford English Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Dictionary.com and Wiktionary. There are additionally dictionaries dedicated to word etymologies, which are a goldmine for knowledge about English words. The Online Etymology Dictionary is probably the perfect available online.
But these will only tell from where and when a word got here into English, however not whether or not it needs to be thought 'borrowed'. Some immensely old and very fundamental words, akin to 'cup' and 'mill', are indeed borrowed from Latin, but nobody would say these words aren't English. Conversely, words like 'thaumaturgy' and 'intelligentsia' are clearly not of English origin, and have been borrowed relatively lately.
Where to draw the road between English and 'borrowed' is but an other space of personal choosing, and there are a lot of views on this amongst Anglish proponents. A very broad rule says that anything borrowed from French, Latin and Greek in the last eight hundred years must be thought borrowed. A more discerning view would say that any word which was introduced into English to fill a genuine want or hole in vocabulary should be kept, however those words borrowed to "adorn" or "enrich" the language but in reality push out current words, ought to be weeded.
Are there actually that many borrowed words in English?
Yes. English is renowned for having borrowed so many words from completely different languages over the past thousand years. The core of English is Germanic, however only about 25% of the words in English right this moment derive from such a root, and that features these of Norse, Dutch, German and others, as well as English. Which will sound like many, one in every four words, however not a lot when one thinks that Latin and French each account for 29% of the English vocabulary. Greek yields an other 6% of words, with the final 10% being from other languages, derived from personal names, or just unknown.
Nonetheless, as mentioned earlier, the core of the English language still largely consists of English words, which makes an undertaking like Anglish possible.
When a word is taken out from English, the place do replacement words come from?
There are lots of roots for words to exchange these which have been removed from English. Typically, a word which is removed will have a commonly known English synonym already present. Words like 'quotidian' and 'illegal' can easily be switched for 'on a regular basis' and 'unlawful' without losing that means or intelligibility. When there's not a readily available English word for use, a new word have to be found or made. Some old or obscure words may be brought back to life and reused; new words could be calqued from English morphemes using the old word's sample; other times wholly new words, "neologisms," could be put collectively from current words and affixes. None of those strategies are right or unsuitable, but every has its stead in making a wide and varied lexicon for Anglish, and every is used in line with the context and particular needs of a word.