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A Transient History Of Japanese Manga

A Transient History Of Japanese Manga

Manga (pronounced maawng-guh) literally means "whimsical or impromptu pictures." Typically related with otaku "nerdy" culture, it has a deep and rich history in Japanese artwork that plays a significant position in Japanese tradition today.
However how did manga start? And the way did it evolve to achieve the global affect it has in the present day?
Although there are clues that manga originated back to the 12th century, we’re going to focus on hard facts starting with the word "manga" itself.

The word "manga" was first coined in 1798 by Santō Kyōden’s Shiki no Yukikai (Seasonal Passers-by).
But in 1814, the artist Katsushika Hokusai (well-known for ukiyo-e and butt buddies with Santō Kyōden) was the primary to use the word "manga" because the title for his sketchbooks titled "Hokusai Manga".
Through the rise of Japanese Imperialism, the Japanese empire used manga for spreading propaganda concerning the benefits of Japanese leadership. But after the war, everything changed.
The Turning Point
Following the tip of World War II, Japan was occupied by the Allies which restricted any propaganda or Japanese militarism. This meant that Japanese artists had room to explore their artistic styles.
On the same time, the United States brought over their comics and cartoons. This heavily influenced the style of manga at the time.
And with that allowed Tezuka Osamu (the God of Manga and Japanese equivalent to Walt Disney) to create one in every of Japan’s most iconic and influential characters — Astro Boy.

One other famous stylistic innovator at the time was Machiko Hasegawa, creator of Sazae-san (in yonkoma format, four-panel comic normally present in newspapers).
Each Osamu Tezuka and Machiko Hasegawa’s innovative strategies paved the way for shōnen (for younger boys) and shōjo (for younger girls) manga. The former being the preferred style manga genre today.
And so, manga’s popularity exploded and was destined to create otaku culture within the 21st century.
Manga Right this moment
Heavily influenced by American comics and deeply scarring submit-war depression, manga pivoted from its assured, critical tone to the "kawaii" (cute) style.
Thanktotally, it gave us One Piece, Dragon Ball, Pokemon, and lots of other titles that have brought joy to millions of people around the world.

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